Categories of verbs

I ran across this podcast about the seven categories that affect verbs. It did a good job of defining, describing, and giving examples of each category, but it didn’t go further and tell us when, where, or why to use the different verb forms. Of course, I’m not used to just listening to content, so maybe some of that was hidden in the examples, but I was too busy taking notes to really hear what was said around the examples or definitions.

Here are the notes that I took from listening to this podcast (any errors are mine, and I refer you to the podcast):

  • Mood – 3 moods, indicative (statements, declarations), imperative (command), and subjunctive (statements contrary to fact)
  • Modality – possibility, probability, or ability; can, could, might, shall, would, will, must, and ought to (modal auxiliaries)
  • Tense – the when of the action
  • Aspect – progressive or perfect; hand and hand with tense; the way time is viewed; progressive; is calling, was eating (be + participle); perfect aspect (past participle with have: have called, have eaten, has voted)
  • Voice – active vs. passive (recepient of the action
  • Number – singular vs. plural; agree in number to subject; only present tense;
  • Person – first (I), second (you), third (he/she/it)
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